Life of Krishna According to Mbh. These versions probably correspond to the addition of one and then another “frame” settings of dialogues. The Vasu version corresponds to the oldest, without frame settings, beginning with the account of the birth of Vyasa. The Astika version adds the Sarpasattra and Ashvamedha material from Brahmanical literature, and introduces the name Mahabharata and identifies Vyasa as the work’s author. The redactors of these additions were probably Pancharatrin scholars who according to Oberlies likely retained control over the text until its final redaction in the third or fourth century C. Mention of the Hunas in the Bhishma-parva appears to imply that the compilation of the text was still ongoing in C. The Adi-parva is dedicated to the snake sacrifice sarpasattra of Jayamejaya, explaining its motivation, detailing why all snakes in existence were intended to be destroyed, and why in spite of this, there are still snakes in existence. The Shatapatha Brahmana gives an account of an Ashvamedha the horse sacrifice performed by Janamejaya Parikshita.
2. Claim (& confusion) of upper and lower limits [3200 BCE – 1800 BCE]
Article suggests some candidate dates for Mahabharata war. Mahabharata is a great epic, and is one of the pillars of present day Hinduism. The Mahabharata story and its moral ethos have had profound influence on millions over many generations.
Apr 02, · Dating the Mahabharata war and start of Kaliyuga has been elusive and going on for many centuries. Aryabhata, is a famous early astronomer with contributions to science, whose estimate of p, and the time of moon revolution around the earth are so .
India Modern genre of history which is two centuries old by now insists on two prerequisites, time-space coordinates, to situate any event or person in a historical context. The heuristics of any available evidence conforming to these coordinates will distinguish a historical fact. These determinants of authenticity of a historical record are borrowed from the principles governing the commercial and property transactions of the medieval and early modern Europe.
Therefore, the genuineness of the document in question is subjected to scrutiny and if necessary corroborative evidence is also required in resolving the legal disputes arising out of such transactions. The application of these principles to the impersonal matters like historical inquiries without any discretion complicates the issues rather than solving them. One can not deny the existence of his forefathers preceding four or five generations because he does not know their names, the dates of their births and deaths or the locations where they lived.
For the history of the recent past, these two coordinates may appear to be more relevant as the recent happenings have direct bearing on the present and near future.
How Old are Ramayan and Mahabharata?
Vyasa and Ganesha writing the Mahabharata. Due to a curse placed on him by the sage Kindama, Pandu would die if he had sexual intercourse, and therefore he was not able to have children without risking his own life. After being cursed by Kindama, the king retires to the forest, and his blind brother becomes the new king.
Ancient Indian scholars have calculated chronologies for the Mahabharata war, comparable to the Hellenistic attempts at a chronology of Greek mythology, ↑ For example, October 16, B.C.E., calculated by V. Vartak, Scientific Dating Of Mahabharata War, Ramayana & Vedas.
Edit Geography of the Rigved , with river names ; the extent of the Swat and Cemetery H cultures are indicated. The historicity of the Kurukshetra War is unclear. Some historians like A. In discussing the dating question, historian A. More reasonable is another tradition, placing it in the 15th century BCE, but this is also several centuries too early in the light of our archaeological knowledge.
Probably the war took place around the beginning of the 9th century BCE; such a date seems to fit well with the scanty archaeological remains of the period, and there is some evidence in the Brahmana literature itself to show that it cannot have been much earlier. Puranic literature presents genealogical lists associated with the Mahabharata narrative. The evidence of the Puranas is of two kinds. Of the first kind, there is the direct statement that there were or years between the birth of Parikshit Arjun’s grandson and the accession of Mahapadma Nanda, commonly dated to BCE, which would yield an estimate of about BCE for the Bharata battle.
Pargiter accordingly estimated 26 generations by averaging 10 different dynastic lists and, assuming 18 years for the average duration of a reign, arrived at an estimate of BCE for Adhisimakrishna, and thus approximately BCE for the Bharata battle  B. Lal used the same approach with a more conservative assumption of the average reign to estimate a date of BCE, and correlated this with archaeological evidence from Painted Grey Ware sites, the association being strong between PGW artifacts and places mentioned in the epic.
Balakrishna concluded a date of BCE using consecutive lunar eclipses.
The end of the Kali Yuga in 2025: Unraveling the mysteries of the Yuga Cycle
A treatise on cosmogony, a code of universal ethics  Conclusion Rishi Vyasa concludes: Do not give away the eternal for the temporal values of life. Magha Bright half 1st day. It is said that he was older than Yudhisthira by 16 years. Just one year after Yudhisthira was born. That was just years.
I have trouble coming to terms with the dating of the Mahabharata by people who refer to the astronomical events of BC. We know it was a war. A big one at that.
Artifacts found in the submerged city of Dwarka Carbon dating shows that the artifacts are about years old. C which is approx years Dating of Mahabharata Events — Image source: This is another point that has generated many opinions, and it is almost impossible to get an agreed concensus on this matter, but is now much clearer than ever with more recent research and findings.
So let us take a look at a few ideas from at least one angle of research on this topic. Narahari Achar, a physicist from the University of Memphis, clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war took place in BCE.
Aihole is quite a remote village located at 35 Km from the better known Badami. However, from archaeological and historical point of view Aihole is an extremely important Landmark. The inscription is found on one of the side walls of the Meguti Jain temple. It was written in the year of AD. This inscription is popular because it indicates the year in which Mahabharata war took place.
Original Aihole inscription on the wall of Jain temple Meguti hill There are only a few inscriptions in India that suggests the time period of Mahabharata war.
The Mahabharata (which may be translated from Sanskrit to mean ‘The Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty’) is one of the two major Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. In a nutshell, the Mahabharata is about the Kurukshetra War.
Perhaps, rightly so because the stories sound to be more of a fiction that a reality. The archaeological evidences have been unveiling in recent times, only though in a slow phase to provide some convincing evidences regarding the matter. Excavation of weapons From the Kurukshetra, the place where the great war happened, archaeologists have uncovered some iron arrows and spearheads with the use of thermoluminescence that dates back to 2, B.
Uncovering of pottery and antiquities The epic talks about three cities — Paniprastha, Vanaprastha, and Indraprastha — provided to Pandavas after the exile. These all verify the statements recorded in Vedic literature. Remains in the ocean, especially the remains of ancient Dwaraka source The marine archaeologists have found some massive fort walls, piers, the jetty in the ocean near the city of Dwaraka in Gujarat, all of which are in alliance with the descriptions in the Vedic scriptures that talk about Mahabharata.
They have found the entire city submerged in the ocean, which is said to be the ancient port city of Lord Krishna. Whatever remained of the land was all washed over by the waters of the ocean.
Mythology : Scientific evidences for Mahabharata & Ramayana
Thank you for subscribing. Aiyer had published a previous paper in the same journal fixing the date of the beginning of the Kaliyuga from four different sources: Vedanga Jyotisha — B. Gargacharya — a few years prior to B. Aiyer concluded that the Kaliyuga began with the winter solstice immediately preceding the commencement of the Kollam Andu, or at the end of B.
The Mahabharata War, he proposes, was fought a few years before the beginning of the Kaliyuga.
Research on the Mahābhārata has put an enormous effort into recognizing and dating layers within the text. economics and politics. This is the longest book of the Mahabharata. Kisari Mohan Ganguli considers this Parva as a later interpolation.’ 13 Before war being declared.
The journey of Jagannath from India to Egypt Part 1: Unraveling the Yuga Cycle Timeline The Yuga Cycle doctrine tells us that we are now living in the Kali Yuga; the age of darkness, when moral virtue and mental capabilities reach their lowest point in the cycle. Men turn to wickedness; disease, lethargy, anger, natural calamities, anguish and fear of scarcity dominate. Penance, sacrifices and religious observances fall into disuse. Change passes over all things, without exception. All mankind could attain to supreme blessedness.
Astronomical Dating Of the Mahabharata War
When the date was converted from Solar Calendar into Lunar Calendar, it was found to coincide with the 9th day of Shukla Paksha in Chaitra month at around 12 to 1 noontime. It is exactly the time and date when Ram Navami is celebrated all throughout India. He had stated the planetary positions prevailing at the time when Shri Ram was sentenced 14 years exile from Ayodhya.
In a drastic re-evaluation of astronomy observations from Mahabharata, using high-tech tool of modern astronomy and low-tech tool of the logic of scientific discovery, Nilesh Oak’s extraordinary book presents ordinary theory of astronomy observations that would lead to a quantum jump in our understanding of the Mahabharata War:Reviews:
By popular tradition, the Kali Age started with the death of Krishna, 35 years after the War. The first mention of the Kali calendar is by the astronomer Aryabhata in his treatise on astronomy with an internal date of AD. The earliest epigraphical reference is in the 5th century inscription of King Devasena where it is alluded to indirectly, and in the Aihole inscription of Kali AD. Because of these late references, some scholars have suggested that the Kali calendar was started at a late period with an assumed conjunction at the beginning of the era for convenience of calculations, and, therefore, the Aihole inscription cannot be taken as proof of the date of the War.
Modern studies using powerful software that can reconstruct the ancient skies indicate that there was actually an approximate conjunction of the planets on Feb 17, BC as taken by Aryabhata. This may only be a coincidence. Even if the Kali calendar is as old as its starting date, its connections with the Mahabharata War do not appear to be equally ancient.
Descendants of Lord Rama in the War of Mahabharata
The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira ‘s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25 
The article identifies some candidate dates for Mahabharata war. Introduction: Mahabharata is a great epic poetic story from India (India is hence forth referred to as Bharata) in Sanskrit, considered by many to be a folklore type historical document.
Balakrishna Abstract Mahabharata war is considered by many to be a historical event. Article suggests some candidate dates for Mahabharata war. Introduction Mahabharata is a great epic, and is one of the pillars of present day Hinduism. The Mahabharata story and its moral ethos have had profound influence on millions over many generations. Mahabharata war is said to have occurred before the transition of Dwapara Yuga to Kali Yuga.
Dating the Mahabharata war and start of Kaliyuga has been elusive and going on for many centuries. Aryabhata, is a famous early astronomer with contributions to science, whose estimate of p, and the time of moon revolution around the earth are so accurate, that his works are being extensively researched. Aryabhata AD stated that Kaliyuga started years before, when he was 23 years old, making the start as BC [Aryabhateeya ref-1].
It would date Mahabharata war to around circa BCJ.